And יהוה appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamrĕ, while he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day. So he lifted his eyes and looked, and saw three men standing opposite him. And when he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them, and bowed himself to the ground, and said, “יהוה, if I have now found favour in Your eyes, please do not pass Your servant by. Please let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree. And let me bring a piece of bread and refresh your hearts, and then go on, for this is why you have come to your servant.” And they said, “Do as you have said.” So Aḇraham ran into the tent to Sarah and said, “Hurry, make ready three measures of fine flour, knead it and make cakes.” And Aḇraham ran to the herd, took a tender and good calf, gave it to a young man, and he hurried to prepare it. And he took curds and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and set it before them, and he stood by them under the tree as they ate. And they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “See, in the tent.” And He said, “I shall certainly return to you according to the time of life, and see, Sarah your wife is to have a son!” And Sarah was listening in the tent door which was behind him. Now Aḇraham and Sarah were old, well advanced in age, and Sarah was past the way of women. And Sarah laughed within herself, saying, “After I have grown old, shall I have pleasure, my master being old too?” And יהוה said to Aḇraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I truly have a child, since I am old?’ Is any matter too hard for יהוה? At the appointed time I am going to return to you, according to the time of life, and Sarah is to have a son.” But Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh,” for she was afraid. And He said, “No, but you did laugh!” And the men rose up from there and looked toward Seḏom, and Aḇraham went with them to send them away. And יהוה said, “Shall I hide from Aḇraham what I am doing, since Aḇraham is certainly going to become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? “For I have known him, so that he commands his children and his household after him, to guard the way of יהוה, to do righteousness and right-ruling, so that יהוה brings to Aḇraham what He has spoken to him.” And יהוה said, “Because the outcry against Seḏom and Amorah is great, and because their sin is very heavy, “I am going down now to see whether they have done altogether according to the outcry against it that has come to Me, and if not, I know.” So the men turned away from there and went toward Seḏom, but יהוה still stood before Aḇraham. And Aḇraham drew near and said, “Would You also destroy the righteous with the wrong? “Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city, would You also destroy the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous that were in it? “Far be it from You to act in this way, to slay the righteous with the wrong, so that the righteous should be as the wrong. Far be it from You! Does the Judge of all the earth not do right?” And יהוה said, “If I find in Seḏom fifty righteous within the city, then I shall spare all the place for their sakes.” And Aḇraham answered and said, “Look, please, I who am but dust and ashes have taken it upon myself to speak to יהוה, “Suppose there are five less than the fifty righteous, would You destroy all of the city for lack of five?” And He said, “If I find there forty-five, I do not destroy it.” And he spoke to Him yet again and said, “Suppose there are found forty?” And He said, “I would not do it for the sake of forty.” And he said, “Let not יהוה be displeased, and let me speak: Suppose there are found thirty?” And He said, “I would not do it if I find thirty there.” And he said, “Look, please, I have taken it upon myself to speak to יהוה: Suppose there are found twenty?” And He said, “I would not destroy it for the sake of twenty.” And he said, “Let not יהוה be displeased, and let me speak only this time: Suppose there are found ten?” And He said, “I would not destroy it for the sake of ten.” Then יהוה went away as soon as He had ended speaking to Aḇraham. And Aḇraham returned to his place. B’resheit/Genesis 18:1-33 (ISR98)
In the above scenario, Avraham begins his discourse by asking the visitors to remain for awhile so that he can show them hospitality. The request Avraham makes is based on his being shown חן – chen/favor/ grace by the individuals who have appeared to him. These men are physical, they have bodies, as Avraham (in red) offers them:
- Water to wash their feet with, so that they might rest under the tree
- He quickly has food prepared, to nourish them for their extended trip
- The food is served to the guests
Notice the meal includes both meat and dairy. These men consume the food served to them as they have taken on human form, so that they might be seen. Then the travelers inquire as to where Sarah is (in magenta) as they are bringing news that the promised child will arrive in a year from that time. This time that they refer to is obviously springtime, because that is the time of life when the plants begin to awaken from their dormant state. Sleep is frequently equated with death, the wintertime is that period for plant life. Springtime is a picture of Resurrection to life for the dead. One of the themes of Yah is the renewal of the life cycle for ALL organisms. Revelation is given to father Avraham (in blue), by Yah Himself, so that he might know the events that are about to take place and why they are going to happen; this allowed Avraham the opportunity to provide intercession as a legal defense for the cities of the plain. We must view this incident from a legal standpoint as the Eternal permits the accused to have representation on their behalf. In this setting Avraham is allowed to be the defense attorney for the cities. Remember no verdict can be rendered (in green) without the defendant knowing what crime they have committed. The people in those cities knew the rules and chose to disobey the Torah they had at that time. Avraham requests leniency for his clients based on a small segment of the population who he thought would be righteous. Interestingly the amount of righteous inhabitants dwindles to 10 people. Why did Avraham stop at 10? Is it possible there may have been 10 members of Lot’s family?
And the two cherubs came into Sodom at evening. And Lot was sitting at the gate of Sodom. And Lot saw, and he rose up to meet them and bowed his face to the earth. And he said, Behold, now, my masters, please turn in to your servant’s house and lodge, and wash your feet; and rise early and go to your way. And they said, No, for we will lodge in the street. And he much urged them, and they turned in to him and came into his house. And he made a feast for them. And he baked unleavened matzos, and they ate. Before they had laid down, even the men of the city, the men of Sodom, circled the house; from the young to the aged, all the people from its limits. And they called to Lot and said to him, Where are the men who came to you tonight? Bring them out to us, that we may have sex with them. And Lot went out to them, to the door, and he closed the door behind him. And he said, My brothers, please do not act evilly. Behold, now, I have two daughters who have not known a man; please let me bring them out to you and do to them as you see fit; only do not do a thing to these men, on account of this they came into the shade of my roof. And they said, Stand back! And they said, This one came in to visit, and must he always judge? Now we will do evil to you rather than to them. And they pressed on the man, upon Lot violently, and drew near to break the door. But the men put out their hands and brought Lot in to them, into the house, and shut the door. And they struck the men at the door of the house with blindness, from the small to the great; and they struggled to find the door. And the men said to Lot, Who still is here to you? Bring out of this place your sons and your sons-in-law and your daughters, and whoever belongs to you in the city. For we are about to destroy this place, for the cry of them is great before YAHWEH, and YAHWEH has sent us to destroy it. And Lot went out to speak to his sons-in-law, those taking his daughters. And he said, Rise up, go out from this place, for YAHWEH is about to destroy the city. And he seemed as one joking to his sons-in-law. B’resheit 19:1-14 (HRB)
Why does the Most High send two messengers instead of just one as He has given the power and authority to carry out the mission they have been assigned. Establishing two witnesses had already been implemented in the garden by the two human beings who bore witness against themselves. How many have ever considered this theme of two testimonies throughout Scripture? Chazon/Revelation presents this in chapter 11 using this same legal criteria.
Lot insists that the two men come to his home for the night, so that they might be protected from the citizens of Sedom. When they arrive at his home, he provides them a meal which includes Matzah. This hints at the events about to take place are at the time of Pesach/Passover and Matzah/Unleavened Bread. Remember the sun, the moon, and the stars, are for measuring time. All humanity was aware that there were rules to live by … provided by the Most High. No verdict can be rendered without knowledge by the defendant of what their crime is. Innocence would have rendered a different verdict then the one given. Not one person can ever claim they do not know any of the rules – also the more one knows, the more they are liable for. We do not get to decide what rules are in force, as that is only the purview of The King. The people of the Kingdom do not have the right to alter The King’s decrees.
Four people are SAVED from the destruction of the cities of the plain and one of them still perishes AFTER she was SAVED. Salvation did not require that those individuals were righteous, in fact only Lot is ever referred to as being righteous and this does not mean perfect in the modern sense. Three of the people end up living in a cave AFTER they are SAVED. So if we are SAVED, will we be in a cave for eternity? Does this sound like what many expect SALVATION is?
And Yahweh visited Sarah as he had said. And Yahweh did to Sarah as he had promised. And she conceived, and Sarah bore to Abraham a son in his old age at the appointed time that God had told him. And Abraham called the name of his son who was born to him, whom Sarah bore to him, Isaac. And Abraham circumcised Isaac his son [when he was] eight days old, as God had commanded him. And Abraham [was] one hundred years old when Isaac his son was born to him. And Sarah said, “God has made laughter for me; all who hear will laugh for me.” And she said, “Who would announce to Abraham [that] Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne a son [to Abraham] in his old age.” And the child grew and was weaned. And Abraham made a great feast on the day Isaac was weaned.
B’resheit 21:1-7 (LEB)
If Yitz’chak was born at the time of Pesach and Matzah, then life began in the springtime from a seed and an egg that were made fertile by the Almighty. The multiple aspects of Yitz’chak’s name have to do with laughter, beginning with his mother laughing at the thought of being pregnant … and others who would laugh with or at her because of her age, when she bore the child. Do not forget Yitz’chak is the son of the Promise, remember the promise is his descendants would inherit a piece of land on the earth. Those heirs do not get to alter what the inheritance is, as that aspect is only The King’s decision. And after these things God did prove Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham. Who answered, Here am I. And he said, Take now thine only son Isaac whom thou lovest, and get thee unto the land of Moriah, and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the mountains, which I will show thee. Then Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his servants with him, and Isaac his son, and clove wood for the burnt offering, and rose up and went to the place, which God had told him. Then the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off, And said unto his servants, Abide you here with the ass: for I and the child will go yonder and worship, and come again unto you. Then Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son, and he took the fire in his hand, and the knife: and they went both together. Then spake Isaac unto Abraham his father, and said, My father. And he answered, Here am I, my son. And he said, Behold the fire and the wood, but where is the lamb for the burnt offering? Then Abraham answered, My son, God will provide him a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both together. And when they came to the place which God had showed him, Abraham built an altar there, and couched the wood, and bound Isaac his son, and laid him on the altar upon the wood. And Abraham stretching forth his hand, took the knife to kill his son. But the Angel of the Lord called unto him from heaven, saying, Abraham, Abraham. And he answered, Here am I. Then he said, Lay not thine hand upon the child, neither do anything unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing for my sake thou hast not spared thine only son. And Abraham lifting up his eyes, looked and behold, there was a ram behind him caught by the horns in a bush: then Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his son. And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah Jireh: as it is said this day, In the mount will the Lord be seen. And the Angel of the Lord cried unto Abraham from heaven the second time, And said, By myself have I sworn (saith the Lord) because thou hast done this thing, and hast not spared thine only son, Therefore will I surely bless thee, and will greatly multiply thy seed, as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore, and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies. And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice. Then turned Abraham again unto his servants, and they rose up, and went together to Beersheba: and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba. And after these things one told Abraham, saying, Behold Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor: To wit, Huz his eldest son, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram, And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel. And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight did Milcah bear to Nahor, Abraham’s brother. And his concubine called Reumah, she bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash and Maachah. B’resheit 22:1-24 (GNV)
Elohim asks Avraham to trust Him (in red) by undertaking the most difficult action he will ever encounter. The fact that father Avraham sets out on this journey, demonstrates his faith in Yah to keep the promise alive. Avraham sees the place he is to go and this involves 3 days of travel. Instructions are given to the two servants who have accompanied their master Avraham and his son on this expedition. These instructions are for them to remain in camp and that the father and son would return together when they were finished fulfilling their worship. In this instruction is the statement by Avraham that no matter what happens on the mountain, the son of the promise would return alive with his father. This is a huge step of trust/faith by Avraham in his Elohim. The son is not a child (in magenta), as so many have been misled into believing, he is a adult male who is participating of his own free will in the events taking place. Yitz’chak asks his father where is the offering itself, and we personally believe he was aware that more was going on than what he realized. There is no point at which the text implies that the father had to force the son into compliance. So determined is Avraham, to carry out the task at hand, that a messenger is sent to stop him from fulfilling the sacrifice of the promised one. Twice the messenger calls out the name of Avraham. This same messenger speaks a second time (in blue) declaring … I Yahweh swear that because you did not hold back your son that I will multiply his seed as promised and in Avraham’s seed will all the gentiles/nations be blessed because you obeyed my voice. Because of Avraham’s obedience there is blessing, by contrast had he not obeyed … he would have been cursed. Both the blessing and the curse are brought about by action – not inaction. Upon their return (in green), Avraham takes up residence in Be’ersheva.
And the life of Sarah was a hundred and seven and twenty years; these were the years of the life of Sarah. And Sarah died in Kiriatharba – the same is Hebron – in the land of Canaan; and Abraham came to mourn for Sarah, and to weep for her. B’resheit 23:1-2 (JPS) Notice Avraham has to travel to where Sarah has died, they were not together at that time. Quite possibly Sarah had separated herself from her husband due to the events that had taken place in the previous chapter. It is entirely probable she may have died from a broken heart. Every indicator in the accounts of her life point to the likelihood that Sarah did not share her husbands faith and trust in Yah. If this is true then Avraham’s love for his wife is demonstrated in his faithfulness to her throughout their marriage. This is another example of a man being his wife’s covering. Sha’ul/Paul addresses this same marital situation when he tells believing/trusting spouses to remain with their mates and only the unbelieving spouse has a right to leave. A believing spouse, who leaves by their choice, is removing the covering of their partner and is this real love? In no way does this mean a believing spouse can never leave the relationship but has limited justification to do so.
According to the above hypothesis, Sarah did not share all her husbands faith in Yah. To this degree she would be classified as an unbeliever. Do not forget that Avraham also expressed times of doubt himself. If we are never allowed to question the Eternal about things he has told or shown us, then all scripture is a fairy-tale. Moshe, Ya’akov, and virtually every Prophet wanted to know why…? Every word and action we express have consequences, and this can be a positive or a negative.
Those of us who believe that Y’shua is the promised Mashiach, should be able to see how the events in the Tanakh/OT are His story. If they are His story alone – then where are we? His death and resurrection are the sign that the Father is keeping His Promise to Avraham. If the earth were eliminated this promise would be null and void. So what do EWE trust in?
With the help of the Ruach HaKodesh, written by:
Rabbi Danny Palmer and Bernard Yosef Honigfort
If you have questions about anything in our teachings that you are not understanding, please click here to let us know and we will respond as quickly as possible.
Newest teachings are listed first.
- How Do Ewe Walk? Walk in context
- ARE EWE A BLESSING OR A CURSE? Do we believe what we read in the Word of Yah or not? Every promise in Scripture is based upon the land as the inheritance. Do Ewe believe the promise? How do our actions and what we speak play into all of this?
- A Blessing & A Curse What are we agreeing to when we eat the bread and drink the cup?
- The Tree Of Life Life or Death, Blessing or a Curse?
- Y’shua – The Living Torah Yochanan/John 14:6
- Talmidim T’filaht If anyone has any doubts about the Kingdom of Yah, go read the Prayer Y’shua taught to his disciples. The Disciples Prayer!
Also check out The Covenant – Video Teaching Series, There are videos that go with the written teachings above.
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