So the heavens and the earth and everything in them were completed. By the seventh day, God completed His work that He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work that He had done. God blessed the seventh day and declared it holy, for on it He rested from His work of creation. B’reshit/Genesis 2:1-3 (HCSB) The word holy in verse three is the Hebrew word qadosh which means to set apart, to consecrate, to sanctify, or to make special. Yah is telling us that he designated the seventh day different from the other six days of the week. He created man to work not to rest endlessly, therefore the seventh day would allow the human being to rest from his labor. We were not designed to work constantly nor to rest constantly, but to work more frequently than we rest. A further idea of this day is to set it aside from all the rest of creation, to have time to spend with its creator. Our creator wants a relationship with his creation, and this is not just humanity but all living things. Adam/human being is the one who was put in charge to make sure the rest of creation was taken care of, not to take advantage of everything else.
On the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers each. And when all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, he said to them, “This is what the LORD has commanded: ‘Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the LORD; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over lay aside to be kept till the morning.'” So they laid it aside till the morning, as Moses commanded them, and it did not stink, and there were no worms in it. Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the LORD; today you will not find it in the field. Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none.” On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. And the LORD said to Moses, “How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? See! The LORD has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.” So the people rested on the seventh day. Sh’mot/Exodus 16:22-30 (ESV) And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee, that thou shouldst not eat, cursed is the earth in thy work: with labour and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life. Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee, and thou shalt eat the herbs of the earth. In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return. B’reshit 3:17-19 (DRA)
What many do not seem to recognize is as Yah brings Isra’el out of Egypt is that he is having to reintroduce the seventh day as something special to him. And if we are his people then it should be special to us. Six days was Isra’el to gather the manna and on the seventh day to refrain, this is because Yah wants Isra’el to understand that gathering their daily bread is work. This is part of the curse in the aforementioned section from Genesis chapter 3. Not understanding Yah’s ways is a constant source of trouble for Isra’el and humanity in general. Work is not the curse, having to toil hard is the curse. Too many people have been given the idea that work is bad, this is completely contrary to what Yah set in place. Laziness is a sin.
“Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.” Sh’mot 20:8-11 (NIV) Isra’el is to remember or guard the Shabat to acknowledge the authority of the creator who is not the one most people think of when they hear or read this verse. The mistake so many make is they think there is a difference between creation and the Son of Elohim. The point where this is missed by most is in the following: In the beginning the Word already existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was God. He existed in the beginning with God. God created everything through him, and nothing was created except through him. Yochanan/John 1:1-3 (NLT) Within the context Yochanan is speaking in, is the confusion many face as they try to understand Elohim in the flesh as opposed to Elohim the flesh. Y’shua is not Elohim the flesh but Elohim in the flesh as there is a human component which must comply with authority. The human being must obey the urging of the Ruach/Spirit to be doing the will of the Father. The soul is the flesh, not some mystical thing that dwells in us. For the soul to have life it must breathe, therefore once we die, we are no longer alive.
In this section of scripture that is referred to as the 10 commandments, the one to be honored is Y’shua who created as the Word. One of the problems I frequently encounter is people who do not know what a Mashiach is or what Y’shua means. The former is defined as one who is anointed with oil and the latter as Yah is Salvation. The human aspect of Y’shua is the Mashiach whereas the authority in him comes from Yah the savior. This is one of the reasons people have so much trouble comprehending the term Elohim in the flesh, as they do not understand there are two beings that comprise the Son of Elohim; which is what makes him/them echad/one/unified. The human being had to obey the will of the Father, just as the rest of us must. Truly seeking to obey the Father does not mean we do not make mistakes or wrong choices, but that we recognize Yah’s Authority. Trust is based on believing His promises and in His redemption of us, not on our flawlessly complying with His will. If we believe we can obey him without doing anything wrong we are fooling ourselves. On the other hand to disregard his authority and believing that our sin does not count anymore is a huge error. Forgiveness of sin does not mean it never was sin or is no longer sin.
And Yahweh spoke to Moses and said, “And you, speak to the Israelites, saying, ‘Surely you must keep my Sabbaths, because it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations, in order to know that I am Yahweh, who consecrates you. And you must keep the Sabbath, because it is holy for you; defilers of it will surely be put to death, because anyone who does work on it—that person will be cut off from among his people. On six days work can be done, and on the seventh is a Sabbath of complete rest, a holy day for Yahweh; anyone doing work on the Sabbath day will surely be put to death. The Israelites will pay attention to the Sabbath in order to fulfill the Sabbath throughout their generations as a lasting covenant. It is a sign between me and the Israelites forever, because in six days Yahweh made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh he ceased and recovered.” Sh’mot 31:12-17 (LEB) “Work may be done six days and on the seventh day it shall be holy to you, a Sabbath of rest to YAHWEH; everyone doing work in it surely shall die. You shall not kindle a fire in all your dwellings on the day of the Sabbath.” Sh’mot 35:2-3 (HRB) In the Covenant with Isra’el, Yah clearly declares how important the Shabat is to Him; by stating that the violation of it is the death penalty. How many are proclaiming to be in the Covenant yet ignore with complete contempt, the Shabat? In the cup that Y’shua gives his talmidim/disciples, he tells them it is the blood of the New Covenant; which is actually implying a freshening, that includes everything Moshe was instructed to teach Isra’el. Believing that the New Covenant is a different covenant misleads far too many people, and allows them to assume the rules are different.
“And it shall be a statute for ever unto you: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and shall do no manner of work, the home-born, or the stranger that sojourneth among you: for on this day shall atonement be made for you, to cleanse you; from all your sins shall ye be clean before Jehovah. It is a sabbath of solemn rest unto you, and ye shall afflict your souls; it is a statute for ever.” Vayikra/Leviticus 16:29-31 (ASV) This passage correlates to Yom Kippur/Day of Atonement and is the only rest day whose restrictions are anywhere near as severe as the weekly Shabat. The additional annual rest days are dealt with in chapter 23 of Vayikra and should be studied like all the rest of Torah. Interestingly the following section of the aforementioned chapter deals with the very first Mo’edim/Appointed Time; And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say unto them, The feasts of the Lord which ye shall call holy assemblies, these are my feasts. Six days shalt thou do works, but on the seventh day is the sabbath; a rest, a holy convocation to the Lord: thou shalt not do any work, it is a sabbath to the Lord in all your dwellings. Vayikra 23:1-3 (BST) One thing that has always caught my attention is many within the Messianic and Hebrew Roots movements do not equate the weekly Shabat as one of the appointed times. According to Torah there are 8 Mo’edim, not just 7.
In the time preceding his death, Moshe reiterates the instructions Yah has given to the generation of Israel that will enter the land under the guidance and leadership of the Y’hoshua. The writing of D’varim/Deuteronomy is this retelling of those instructions. “Observe the sabbath day to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male servant and your female servant may rest as well as you. You shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt, and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day.” D’varim 5:12-15 (NASB) If you notice there as a slight difference in the wording of the Shabat Commandment between Exodus and Deuteronomy, this should not present any difficulty for those who study scripture and allow the Ruach to guide us into understanding. The context does not change between these two versions of the Shabat instruction.
Not perceiving how much importance Yah places on the Shabat causes people to diminish it in their own eyes. Shabat will be an ongoing element of the Kingdom and the subjects thereof. Citizenship in the Kingdom has its responsibilities, and those who choose to neglect those responsibilities will have to face the consequences of their actions. “Keep justice, and do righteousness, For My salvation is about to come, And My righteousness to be revealed. Blessed is the man who does this, And the son of man who lays hold on it; Who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, And keeps his hand from doing any evil.” Do not let the son of the foreigner Who has joined himself to the Lord Speak, saying, “The Lord has utterly separated me from His people”; Nor let the eunuch say, “Here I am, a dry tree.” For thus says the Lord: “To the eunuchs who keep My Sabbaths, And choose what pleases Me, And hold fast My covenant, Even to them I will give in My house And within My walls a place and a name Better than that of sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting name That shall not be cut off. “Also the sons of the foreigner Who join themselves to the Lord, to serve Him, And to love the name of the Lord, to be is servants— Everyone who keeps from defiling the Sabbath, And holds fast My covenant—” Yesha’yahu/Isaiah 56:1-6 (NKJV) Would not the foreigner joining himself to Yah be who Sha’ul is referring to as the in grafted in the olive tree? So why do individuals claim the seventh day is not binding on those proclaiming to be participants in the New Covenant? If the seventh day is the sign Yah has given, of the Covenant with his people; not keeping it places us in covenant with someone else, does it not? If thou turn away thy foot from the Sabbath, from doing thy will on mine Holy day, and call the Sabbath a delight to consecrate it, as glorious to the Lord, and shalt honor him, not doing thine own ways, nor seeking thine own will, nor speaking a vain word, Then shalt thou delight in the Lord, and I will cause thee to mount upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it. Yesha’yahu 58:13-14 (GNV)
“As the new heaven and new earth that I shall create, that shall stand before me,” said Maryah,* “thus your offspring and your name shall stand.” “And they shall go out and see the carcasses of the men who took issue with me, [the men] whose vengeance shall not die, nor shall their fire be quenched, and they shall become a wonder for all flesh.” Yesha’yahu 66:22-23 (Aramaic Bible) For as the new heavens and the new earth which I make shall remain before Me, says the Lord, so shall your offspring and your name remain. And it shall be that from one New Moon to another New Moon and from one Sabbath to another Sabbath, all flesh shall come to worship before Me, says the Lord. And they shall go forth and gaze upon the dead bodies of the [rebellious] men who have stepped over against Me; for their worm shall not die, their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all mankind. Yesha’yahu 66:22-24 (AMP) This passage is frequently used by those who claim it is the ever burning torment, this is not what this section of Yesha’yahu is referring to. It is referring to the same thing that Yochanan is describing in the final chapter of Y’shua’s revelation for the people. The New Yerushalayim is not the “Cosmic Heaven” that so many seem to believe it is, but an actual city composed of living human beings. Disbelief in the message given allows people to derive inaccurate definitions of elements described in scripture. As noted people will continue to keep the Shabat perpetually, without end.
And he showed me a river of water of life, clear as crystal, coming from the throne of Elohim and of the Lamb. In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations. And no longer shall there be any curse, and the throne of Elohim and of the Lamb shall be in it, and His servants shall serve Him. And they shall see His face, and His Name shall be upon their foreheads. And night shall be no more, and they shall have no need of a lamp or the light of the sun, because יהוה Elohim shall give them light. And they shall reign forever and ever. And he said to me, “These words are trustworthy and true. And יהוה Elohim of the set-apart prophets has sent His messenger to show His servants what has to take place with speed. “See, I am coming speedily! Blessed is he who guards the words of the prophecy of this book.” And I, Yoḥanan, saw and heard these matters. And when I heard and saw, I fell down to worship before the feet of the messenger who showed me these matters. And he said to me, “See, do not! For I am your fellow servant, and of your brothers the prophets, and of those who are guarding the words of this book. Worship Elohim.” And he said to me, “Do not seal the words of the prophecy of this book, because the time is near. He who does wrong, let him do more wrong; he who is filthy, let him be more filthy; he who is righteous, let him be more righteous; he who is set-apart, let him be more set-apart. And see, I am coming speedily, and My reward is with Me, to give to each according to his work. I am the ‘Aleph’ and the ‘Taw’, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last. Blessed are those doing His commands, so that the authority shall be theirs unto the tree of life, and to enter through the gates into the city. But outside are the dogs and those who enchant with drugs, and those who whore, and the murderers, and the idolaters, and all who love and do falsehood.” Chazon/Revelation 22:1-15 (ISR98)
To many treat the Revelation as allegory alone never taking into account the aspects that should be seen more literally. The above section is a much more literal definition that much of the Revelation, and should be treated as such. Much hope is contained in this chapter, both inside and outside the city. Harkening back to the beginning of humanities problem we see the similarities in the Genesis and the Revelation. We began in the garden and were expelled for our sin and the promise is we have the hope of return to that garden, provided we will adhere and regard the Kings wishes. Otherwise we will be among those described as continuing to be outside the gates of the city, the garden. One particular description of those prevented from entering the city pertains to the dogs, which is describing a male prostitute. Remember Yah describes his disobedient people as prostitutes or whores. Come out of her, come out of her my people is Yah’s cry to the wife he wants back. She drank the marriage cup and despised it, and disregarded it. We cannot drink a cup with two husbands simultaneously.
At that time, Yeshua went on the day of Shabbat through the grain fields. His talmidim were hungry and began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. But the Perushim, when they saw it, said to him, “Behold, your talmidim do what is not lawful to do on the Shabbat.” But he said to them, “Haven’t you read what David did, when he was hungry, and those who were with him; how he entered into the house of God, and ate the show bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for those who were with him, but only for the Kohanim? Or have you not read in the law, that on the day of Shabbat, the Kohanim in the temple profane the Shabbat, and are guiltless? But I tell you that one greater than the temple is here. But if you had known what this means, ‘I desire mercy, and not sacrifice,’ you would not have condemned the guiltless. For the Son of Man is Lord of the Shabbat.” Mattityahu/Matthew Matthew 12:1-8 (HNV) Curiously the description Y’shua gives of himself is not as the Ben Elohim but as the Ben Adam/Son of Man. This presents a unique scenario for most people who miss how important his statement is in reference to where his authority is derived from. The Son of Man is more accurately defined as the Son of the Human Being. Sha’ul describes Y’shua as the second Adam and if people do not understand the Hebraic mindset they will misunderstand the concept of humanity regaining what it gave up in the fall, in the garden. We will not rule and reign without obedience, as Yah will not tolerate that attitude. Not having an attitude of humility prevents us from acknowledging who the master of the Shabat is. Obedient Adam is the master of the Shabat, are we yet the obedient Adam? Remember the Master will have joint heirs with him, this will not include the rebellious.
And he came to Natzeret, the shtetl of his guddal and he entered according to his minhag on Shabbos into the shul and was given an aliyah as the Baal Koreh. [After the Hagbah], he was presented with the megillat sefer Yeshayah and having unrolled the megillah, he found the dvar where it had been written, “RUACH ADONAI HASHEM ALAI YAAN MASHACH ADONAI OTI LEVASER ANAVIM SHELACHANI LIKRO LISHVUYIM DEROR, and to the blind PEKACH KOACH, VSHALACH RETZUTZIM CHAFSHIM, (The Spirit of the Sovereign L-rd is upon me because He anointed me to preach Besuras HaGeulah to the poor, He has sent me to preach to the captives release and to the blind the recovery of sight, to set the oppressed free, LIKRO SHENAT RATZON LAHASHEM (To preach the year of Hashem’s favor.) And doing the glilah ceremony, he rolled up the megillah; and, having given it back to the shammash, he sat down [to teach]. And all the eyes in the shul were focused on him. And Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach began to speak to them, Hayom (today) this dvar of the Kitvei Hakodesh has been fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4:16-21 (OJB) When he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, he went to the synagogue on the sabbath day, as was his custom. He stood up to read, and the scroll of the prophet Isaiah was given to him. He unrolled the scroll and found the place where it was written: “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he has anointed me to bring good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to let the oppressed go free, to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor.” And he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on him. Then he began to say to them, “Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4:16-21 (NRSV)
When Y’shua read from the scroll of Yesha’yahu, he is proclaiming an instruction from the Torah which unfortunately many are not familiar with. This is not some mystical freedom but a literal salvation from one’s predicament; this comes from Vayikra and pertains to the Sh’mitah/Sabbatical year and the Yovel/Jubilee. And the Lord spake unto Moses in mount Sinai, saying, Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When ye come into the land which I give you, then shall the land keep a sabbath unto the Lord. Six years thou shalt sow thy field, and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and gather in the fruit thereof; But in the seventh year shall be a sabbath of rest unto the land, a sabbath for the Lord: thou shalt neither sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou shalt not reap, neither gather the grapes of thy vine undressed: for it is a year of rest unto the land. And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for thee, and for thy servant, and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant, and for thy stranger that sojourneth with thee. And for thy cattle, and for the beast that are in thy land, shall all the increase thereof be meat. And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed. For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession. And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour’s hand, ye shall not oppress one another: According to the number of years after the jubile thou shalt buy of thy neighbour, and according unto the number of years of the fruits he shall sell unto thee: According to the multitude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it: for according to the number of the years of the fruits doth he sell unto thee. Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God:for I am the Lord your God. Vayikra 25:1-17 (KJV)
One of the current fads within those who claim to be believers pertains to material written by Rabbi Jonathan Cahn in his book “The Harbinger”. This book is a fictional account based on Yesha’yahu chapter 9 wherein the Northern Kingdom of Isra’el is defiant against Yah concerning their sin. What happened to the house of Isra’el and the United States is not fictional, but the characters that Rabbi Cahn creates to tell the story are not real. Many believe that the two events are merely coincidental, however those who know the prophecies contained in the Tanakh realize their happening to the same people in both accounts. The Lost Sheep of the House of Isra’el are not the Jews but the Joes, Joseph’s descendants. This problem stems from the idea that all Israelites are Jews which is not true, however all Jews are Israelites. At this time in history the house of Y’hudah and the house of Israel have not been reunited, if they had been things would not be as they are now. The reunification of the two houses is the subject of so many prophecies, particularly in Yechezk’el/Ezekiel chapter 37 and Yirma’yahu/Jeremiah chapter 31. One of the problems that arises when people believe these events have already occurred is that they no longer expect Yah to do what he actually said he will do. This is where so much allegory creates havoc and destroys trust in the message delivered to us by His servants the prophets.
This issue is spoken of by Y’shua in the writing of Yochanan chapter 5 as follows: “I have come in my Father’s name, and you don’t accept me; if someone else comes in his own name, him you will accept. How can you trust? You’re busy collecting praise from each other, instead of seeking praise from God only. But don’t think that it is I who will be your accuser before the Father. Do you know who will accuse you? Moshe, the very one you have counted on! For if you really believed Moshe, you would believe me; because it was about me that he wrote.” Yochanan 5:43-46 (CJB) As Y’shua also is a prophet when he quotes Moshe he is actually speaking the words at Mount Sinai to Moshe. What a conundrum for those who believe the Torah has been done away with when Y’shua himself is the manifestation of those very words, the Word made flesh. The Teacher proclaims that those who do not believe Moshe do not believe him either. He said to them, “Then how does Dawid in the Spirit call Him Master, saying, יהוה said to my Master, Sit at My right hand, until I make Your enemies a footstool of Your feet”? Mattityahu 22:44 (ISR98) which is a quote of Psalm 110:1. The question is, who are the enemies who will be made the footstool for Y’shua? Remember that He warned us about those who come in his name, but would have to be told go away I never knew you. Sadly many people have been deceived into believing that these who are told to depart are those who do not even know who Y’shua is. Unfortunately those who are told to leave actually know who he is, but do not obey him.
Contrary to scripture there are teachers out there who proclaim to speak the Good News but give a false report instead. Each person is responsible for learning what the truth is and knowing how to tell the difference between a lie and the truth. Simply taking the words of other individuals will be no defense if we do not even attempt to find out what scripture actually says. This advice and warning also pertains to the individual’s writing you are now reading. As Sha’ul commended the Bereans for searching the Tanakh to see if he said the same thing that Yah had told the prophets. This teachers words are to be weighed just like Sha’ul’s.
As in the Torah, the Shabat is the sign of the covenant with Isra’el, a sign is a mark. What sign are we bearing witness with, is it the sign He recognizes or is it our own mark? He set aside the seventh day of the week when were still in the garden, and if we are going to return to the garden, then do you not think the seventh day will mean the same thing? There is nothing new under the sun what has been before will be again. He has told us the end from the beginning.
With the help of the Ruach HaKodesh, written by Rabbi Danny Palmer
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Newest teachings are listed first.
- Do Ewe Know The Covenant?
What is your sign?
- What Day Is The King’s? What day is most important to Yah? Do we hold that same day with high regard? What day is the day of the Covenant?
- Master Of Shabat We need to know and realize who the Creator is because it is he who is the Master of Shabat.
Also check out The Covenant – Video Teaching Series, There are videos that go with the written teachings above.
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