Do Ewe Know What Is Going On?

Now Sarai, Abram’s wife, had not borne him children. But she had an Egyptian slave-girl her name was Hagar. So Sarai said to Abram, “Look now, Adonai has prevented me from having children. Go, please, to my slave-girl. Perhaps I’ll get a son by her.” Abram listened to Sarai’s voice. So Sarai, Abram’s wife, took her slave-girl Hagar the Egyptian—after Abram had lived ten years in the land of Canaan—and gave her to Abram her husband to be his wife. Then he went to Hagar and she became pregnant. When she saw that she was pregnant, in her eyes her mistress was belittled. So Sarai said to Abram, “The wrong done to me is because of you! I myself placed my slave-girl in your embrace. Now that she saw that she became pregnant, so in her eyes I am belittled. May Adonai judge between you and me!” Abram said to Sarai, “Look! Your slave-girl is in your hand. Do to her what is good in your eyes.” So Sarai afflicted her, and she fled from her presence. Then the angel of Adonai found her by the spring of water in the wilderness, next to the spring on the way to Shur. He said, “Hagar, Sarai’s slave-girl, where have you come from and where are you going?” She said, “I am fleeing from the presence of my mistress Sarai.” The angel of Adonai said, “Return to your mistress and humble yourself under her hand.” Then the angel of Adonai said to her, “I will bountifully multiply your seed, and they will be too many to count.” Then the angel of Adonai said to her, Behold, you are pregnant and about to bear a son, and you shall name him Ishmael—for Adonai has heard your affliction. He will be a wild donkey of a man. His hand will be against everyone, and everyone’s hand against him, and away from all his brothers will he dwell. So she called Adonai who was speaking to her, “You are the God who sees me.” For she said, “Would I have gone here indeed looking for Him who looks after me?” That is why the well is named, the Well of the Living One Who Sees Me. (Behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered.) Then Hagar gave birth to a son for Abram, and Abram named his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. Abram was 86 years old when Hagar gave birth to Ishmael for Abram. B’resheit/Genesis 16:1-16 (TLV)

When Abram was ninety years old and nine, the Lord appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am God all sufficient, walk before me, and be thou upright, And I will make my covenant between me and thee, and I will multiply thee exceedingly. Then Abram fell on his face, and God talked with him, saying, Behold, I make my covenant with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations, Neither shall thy name anymore be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham: for a father of many nations have I made thee. Also I will make thee exceedingly fruitful, and will make nations of thee, yea, Kings shall proceed of thee. Moreover, I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and thy seed after thee in their generations, for an everlasting covenant, to be God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. And I will give thee and thy seed after thee the land, wherein thou art a stranger, even all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession, and I will be their God. Again God said unto Abraham, Thou also shalt keep my covenant, thou, and thy seed after thee in their generations. This is my covenant which ye shall keep between me and you, and thy seed after thee, Let every man-child among you be circumcised: That is, ye shall circumcise the foreskin of your flesh, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and you. And every man-child of eight days old among you, shall be circumcised in your generations, as well he that is born in thine house, as he that is bought with money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. He that is born in thine house, and he that is bought with thy money, must needs be circumcised: so my covenant shall be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant. But the uncircumcised man-child, in whose flesh the foreskin is not circumcised, even that person shall be cut off from his people, because he hath broken my covenant.  Afterward God said unto Abraham, Sarai thy wife shalt thou not call Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. And I will bless her, and will also give thee a son of her, yea, I will bless her, and she shall be the mother of nations: Kings also of people shall come of her. Then Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, and said in his heart, Shall a child be born unto him, that is an hundred years old? and shall Sarah that is ninety years old, bear? And Abraham said unto God, Oh, that Ishmael might live in thy sight. Then God said, Sarah thy wife shall bear thee a son indeed, and thou shalt call his name Isaac: and I will establish my covenant with him for an everlasting covenant, and with his seed after him. And as concerning Ishmael, I have heard thee: lo, I have blessed him, and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly: twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make a great nation of him. But my covenant will I establish with Isaac, which Sarah shall bear unto thee, the next year at this season. And he left off talking with him, and God went up from Abraham. Then Abraham took Ishmael his son, and all that were born in his house, and all that was bought with his money, that is, every man-child among the men of Abraham’s house, and he circumcised the foreskin of their flesh in that selfsame day, as God had commanded him. Abraham also himself was ninety years old and nine, when the foreskin of his flesh was circumcised. And Ishmael his son was thirteen years old, when the foreskin of his flesh was circumcised. The selfsame day was Abraham circumcised, and Ishmael his son: And all the men of his house both born in his house, and bought with money of the stranger, were circumcised with him. B’resheit 17:1-27 (GNV) 

And Aḇraham took another wife, whose name was Qeturah. And she bore him Zimran, and Yoqshan, and Meḏan, and Miḏyan, and Yishbaq, and Shuwaḥ. And Yoqshan brought forth Sheḇa and Deḏan. And the sons of Deḏan were Asshurim, and Letushim, and Le’ummim. And the sons of Miḏyan were Ěphah, and Ěpher, and Ḥanoḵ, and Aḇiḏa, and Elda‛ah. All these were the children of Qeturah. Now Aḇraham gave all that he had to Yitsḥaq, but to the sons of the concubines whom Aḇraham had, Aḇraham gave gifts while he was still living, and sent them away from his son Yitsḥaq, eastward, to the land of the east. And these are all the years of Aḇraham’s life which he lived: one hundred and seventy-five years. And Aḇraham breathed his last and died in a good old age, aged and satisfied, and was gathered to his people. And his sons Yitsḥaq and Yishma‛ĕl buried him in the cave of Maḵpĕlah, which is before Mamrĕ, in the field of Ephron son of Tsoḥar the Ḥittite, the field which Aḇraham purchased from the sons of Ḥĕth. There Aḇraham was buried with Sarah his wife. And it came to be, after the death of Aḇraham, that Elohim blessed his son Yitsḥaq. And Yitsḥaq dwelt at Be’ĕr Laḥai Ro’i. And this is the genealogy of Yishma‛ĕl, Aḇraham’s son, whom Hag̅ar the Mitsrite, Sarah’s female servant, bore to Aḇraham. And these were the names of the sons of Yishma‛ĕl, by their names, according to their generations: The first-born of Yishma‛ĕl, Neḇayoth; then Qĕḏar, and Aḏbe’ĕl, and Miḇsam,
and Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, Haḏar, and Tĕma, Yetur, Naphish, and Qĕḏemah. These were the sons of Yishma‛ĕl and these were their names, by their towns and their settlements, twelve chiefs according to their tribes. And these were the years of the life of Yishma‛ĕl: one hundred and thirty-seven years. And he breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people. And they dwelt from Ḥawilah as far as Shur, which is east of Mitsrayim as you go toward Ashshur. He settled before all his brothers. And this is the genealogy of Yitsḥaq, Aḇraham’s son. Aḇraham brought forth Yitsḥaq. And Yitsḥaq was forty years old when he took Riḇqah as wife, the daughter of Bethu’ĕl the Aramean of Paddan Aram, the sister of Laḇan the Aramean. And Yitsḥaq prayed to יהוה for his wife, because she was barren. And יהוה answered his prayer, and Riḇqah his wife conceived. And within her the children struggled together, and she said, “If all is right, why am I this way?” So she went to ask יהוה. And יהוה said to her, “Two nations are in your womb, and two peoples shall be separated from your body. And one people shall be stronger than the other, and the older serve the younger.” And when the days were filled for her to give birth, and see, twins were in her womb! And the first came out red all over, like a hairy garment, so they called his name Ěsaw. And afterward his brother came out, with his hand holding on to Ěsaw’s heel, so his name was called Ya‛aqoḇ. And Yitsḥaq was sixty years old when she bore them. And the boys grew up. And Ěsaw became a man knowing how to hunt, a man of the field, while Ya‛aqoḇ was a complete man, dwelling in tents. And Yitsḥaq loved Ěsaw because he ate of his wild game, but Riḇqah loved Ya‛aqoḇ. And Ya‛aqoḇ cooked a stew, and Ěsaw came in from the field, and he was weary. And Ěsaw said to Ya‛aqoḇ, “Please feed me with that same red stew, for I am weary.” That is why his name was called Eḏom. But Ya‛aqoḇ said, “Sell me your birthright today.” And Ěsaw said, “Look, I am going to die, so why should I have birthright?” Then Ya‛aqoḇ said, “Swear to me today.” And he swore to him, and sold his birthright to Ya‛aqoḇ. Ya‛aqoḇ then gave Ěsaw bread and stew of lentils. And he ate and drank, and rose up and left. Thus Ěsaw despised his birthright. B’resheit 25:1-34 (ISR98)

We begin the recording of Avraham’s progeny (red) with the conception and birth of Yishma’el, whose name means ‘listening to El’. Nowhere in the Torah is this son cursed, he is merely the product of a misunderstanding of Yah’s promise to Avram and Sarai. Yishma’el is even protected and promised, by the Most High, that he will be fruitful while yet still in his mother’s womb. This son is also going to produce 12 tribes.

Avram is given a Covenant with the Eternal (magenta) which has a greater meaning, at this time his name is changed to Avraham. An element of this Covenant declares he will have many descendants who will be goyim/gentiles/nations. This means they will not all be part of the same Covenant, however – as long as each group abides by the overall Covenant with Avraham … they are not in violation of that Pact. That is why one can still serve Yah and not have to be in the Mosaic Covenant given at Mount Sinai.

Circumcision is the agreement (blue) that Avraham’s descendants must keep/guard through our generations. Even servants are required to become circumcised to be part of this arrangement. We either join in this contract or we reject it. We cannot be heirs of Avraham if we refuse this very important step. It is a sign of submission and the equivalent of signing a contract with the Most High. Those who refuse to take this step are to be cut of from the heirs of Avraham.

Through Yitz’chak/Isaac (green) are the seed of Avraham called. The son of the Promise is to be born by a woman well beyond her child-bearing years. This is the miracle – not the father’s ability to produce seed. The Creator has the authority to provide the creation with the extraordinary opportunities that are still within that framework. He called forth human beings out of the dust … yet to many believe that the Almighty cannot cause a barren womb to produce an egg. WHY do we want to restrict Yah to our own understanding?

If the Covenant Promise (gold) is through Yitz’chak, then why are Yishma’el and the servants also circumcised as required by the Eternal? Has anyone ever pondered what this action establishes for everyone other than Yitz’chak? Not considering the information contained in this instruction has allowed a tremendous amount of misinformation and confusion to override the words we read. This is what mistrust and unbelief develop out of, so what do we see when we actually read every word within the account recorded? Does not someone say … ‘faith comes by hearing and hearing by the Word of Elohim?’ How many actually pay attention to what they hear or read?

Keturah bore father Avraham 6 more sons (purple), which now total 8 sons. As the Covenant is already established, these additional 6 sons and their male offspring are also required to cut the foreskin. Consider circumcision as a mark of Yah’s property, or his brand on them. One of these sons is Midyan whose descendants Yitro/Jethro and Tzipporah will play prominent rolls in Moshe’s life. Moshe married within the bloodlines of Avraham – why do people think, when he fled Egypt he went to the Midyanites? Moshe knew they were kinsman.

As Hagar and Keturah were significantly younger then Avraham (orange) … so to Rivkah/Rebekah had to be 15 to 20 years younger then Yitz’chak. We know this because the text tells us she was barren until Yitz’chak prayed for her and Yah opened her womb. Her circumstances are not the same as Sarah’s, even though there are similarities. Ya’akov, Avraham’s grandson, also married women who had to be at least 20 years younger then he was … as the information tells us, he had to be a minimum of 47 or 48 when he married them. Ya’akov and Esav were also circumcised as Avraham’s descendants are required to be.

So what does this sign have to do with our relationship to the Most High? Here is the answer: After these things the Word of YAHWEH came to Abram in a vision, saying, Do not fear, Abram; I am a shield to you, your reward will increase greatly. And Abram said, Adonai YAHWEH, what will You give to me? I am going childless and the son of the inheritance of my house is Eleazar of Damascus? And Abram said, Behold! You have given no seed to me; and lo, the son of my house is inheriting of me! And behold! The Word of YAHWEH came to him saying, This one shall not be your heir. But he that shall come forth out of your own bowels shall be your heir. And He brought him outside and said, Look now at the heavens and count the stars, if you are able to count them. And He said to him, So shall your seed be. And he believed in YAHWEH. And He counted it to him for righteousness. And He said to him, I am YAHWEH who caused you to come out of Ur of the Chaldeans, to give you this land to inherit it. And he said, Adonai YAHWEH, by what shall I know that I shall inherit it? And He said to him, Take for Me a heifer three years old, and a she-goat three years old, and a ram three years old, and a turtledove, even a nestling. And he took all these for Him, and he divided them in the middle; and he laid each piece opposite its neighbor, but he did not divide the bird. And the birds of prey came down on the carcasses, and Abram drove them away. And it happened, as the sun was setting, and a deep sleep fell on Abram. And behold, a terror of great darkness was falling on him! And He said to Abram, surely you must know that your seed shall be an alien in a land not theirs; and they shall serve them. And they shall afflict them four hundred years; and I also will judge the nation whom they shall serve; and afterward they shall come out with great substance. And you shall come to your fathers in peace. You shall be buried in good old age. And in the fourth generation they shall come here again; for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full until now. And it happened, the sun had gone down, and it was dark. Behold! A smoking furnace and a torch of fire that passed over between those pieces! In that day YAHWEH cut a covenant with Abram, saying, I have given this land to your seed, from the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates, the Kenite, and the Kenizzite, and the Kadmonite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Rephaim, and the Amorite and the Canaanite, and the Girgashite, and the Jebusite. B’resheit 15:1-21 (HRB)

From Avram forward … all Covenant activity is tied to one thing – a physical land inheritance. So all heirs laying claim to any of these Covenants that are linked to Avraham, only have one promise given by Yah. This means home is not in the sky/heaven but on a physical planet called earth. The Circumcision Covenant is a requirement for anyone who lays claim to the Promise of the Land. For to long … the Promised Land has been treated as allegory or metaphor in order to reject any obligations in the natural daily lives of those who want to cast off any responsibility – to the only other party involved in this agreement, Yah. The major flaw so many have excepted is the Gnostic concept of the immortal soul which is not Scriptural in any way. The Torah is tied to ALL the Covenants with Avraham and his descendants.

Shalom Aleichem!

With the help of the Ruach HaKodesh, written by:
Rabbi Danny Palmer and Bernard Yosef Honigfort

REMEMBER: We must gauge all Scripture according to the pattern we are given in the Torah. If we deviate at all from this frame work, we get a faulty picture, this is out of order. Please consider this every time we read the Word or anyone’s teachings based on the Word. Examine all things.

If you have questions about anything in our teachings that you are not understanding, please click here to let us know and we will respond as quickly as possible.

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Also check out The Covenant – Video Teaching Series, There are videos that go with the written teachings above.


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